Cumberland Homestead Historic District
The Cumberland Homesteads Historic District, or "The Homesteads," is
located in Cumberland County approximately four miles south of Crossville,
Tennessee. The District was listed in the National Register of Historic
Places in 1988 and contains 642 contributing historic resources within
approximately 11,400 acres of land.
Established as part of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, the community was part of an agrarian movement to create subsistence farm communities to aid out-of-work, rural families during the Great Depression. Cumberland Homesteads was one the first of 33 communities established by the Division of Subsistence Homesteads in 1934 to help stranded or isolated rural areas containing large numbers of unemployed miners and timber workers. The original vision that guided the establishment of the Cumberland Homesteads created an agrarian community that is historically and architecturally significant on a national level.
The original plans for both public structures and private dwellings were designed by architect William Macy Stanton, who specified the use of indigenous materials such as pine, timber, and Crab Orchard stone in the construction. His design for the village common area at the Y intersection of the two main roads featured a 90 foot administration building, water tower, and observation platform spectacularly constructed of Crab Orchard stone. Presently home to the Cumberland Homesteads Tower Museum, this landmark structure is a highly visible component of the historic district.
To learn more about Tennessee's historic resources or programs and projects established under the New Deal, please check the following resources:
- Tennessee's Online History Magazine at: http://tennesseehistory.com/
- National New Deal Preservation Association at: http://www.newdeallegacy.org/
- Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture at http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/
- The Cumberland Homestead Project at: http://plateauproperties.com/home.html
- The Library of Congress at: http://www.loc.gov